If you have ever played pool, you will appreciate a fun miniature version called Carrom. Created over one hundred years ago in the United States, Carrom is now internationally recognized. Continue reading for all the Carrom board rules and instructions.
Opponents strike a token towards a group of smaller pieces to send them flying into one of the corner pockets. Designed for two players or two teams, opponents compete to see who can pocket the queen first in an attempt to win the game.
This Carrom rules guide will cover the following:
- What is Carrom?
- A brief history of Carrom
- What you’ll need to play Carrom
- Carrom Rules
- How to play Carrom (Video Tutorial)
Read on to learn how to play Carrom.
What is Carrom?
The Carrom Company produces a variety of games, including their original Carrom Board Game. The original Carrom board game hosts playing options for a wide variety of classic games such as Checkers, Backgammon, and Crokinole, all in one convenient set.
Number of Players: 2-4 players
Ages: 12 and up
Length of Play: 20-30 minutes
Category: Billiards, Family game
Main Objective: Use your finger to flick the striker, sending the Carrom men and the queen into the four pockets on the corners of the board before your opponent.
Why We Love It: The Carrom Company cleverly designed a versatile game board that provides many board game options such as Checkers, Carrom, and Crokinole, all in one place.
Related: Billiards terms
A Brief History of Carrom
In the late 1890s, a teacher named Henry Haskell wanted to create a wholesome game for young adults to keep them out of pool halls. He soon released the Carrom game board in the United States.
Manufactured originally in Michigan, The Carrom Company has sold games for 130 years. The Carrom board has changed over the years and offers various gameplay alternatives.
Today you can find a variety of apps and internet versions of Carrom to play online. Carrom King, Carrom 3D Game, and Carrom Pool: Disc Game are available for download on GooglePlay.
The International Carrom Federation hosts worldwide tournaments and competitions for those who play Carrom professionally. Players are mainly from Europe, Asia, and the USA when it comes to the popularity and involvement in competitive Carrom board game today.
What You’ll Need to Play Carrom
Everything you need to play is included in this boxed set.
The complete game box contains:
- 1 Carrom game board
- 9 black discs
- 9 white discs
- 1 red “queen” disk
- 1 white striker disk
Area of Play
In a two-player game, players sit opposite one another with the board in the middle. In a four-player game, teams sit alternately with the board on the table in the middle.
The Carrom board is a square board with a smooth wooden surface and holes or pockets in each corner. The pockets have netting underneath to catch the pieces.
The center of the game board has an inner and outer circle pattern. Lines called baselines run parallel to each of the four sides of the board, creating a boundary for striking.
At each baseline, the intersection is two red circles called base circles. Arrows or foul lines on the board point toward the pockets and help mark the boundaries for gameplay.
The black and white discs or pieces are called Carrom men.
Place the queen on the center of the board, surrounded by six pieces filling in the inner circle alternating black and white. Fill the outer circle surrounding the inner circle with the rest of the pieces in white and black alternating order.
If the pieces are placed correctly, the white tokens create a “Y” shape pointing towards the two upper corners of the board. All pieces should fit within the designated circle markings.
Determine which player will go first. One player or team will play using all nine black Carrom men, while the other player or team uses the white pieces.
The first player begins by placing the striker token along the center of the baselines to prepare for striking.
You can place the striker on the red circles on the sides of the board, but it must cover the circle completely. Otherwise, do not let the striker touch the circles at all.
First, flick the striker towards the center of the circles to break. From this point on, each player will attempt only to strike their specific color of Carrom men trying to get them into the pockets.
Players alternate taking turns, but they get to strike again if a player can pocket a piece.
Covering the Queen
Once you have pocketed at least one of your Carrom men, you can also try to get the queen into a pocket. When this occurs, it is the player’s responsibility to immediately pocket another one of their pieces to cover the queen.
The queen must be placed back on the board if the player cannot achieve this.
If you can pocket the queen and one of your Carrom men simultaneously, then you do not have to return the queen as you have met the criteria needed to cover the queen.
- A player’s wrist or arm can touch the board when striking as long as the rest of the arm or hand does not touch the board.
- When striking, you cannot cross the baselines or foul lines.
- You can use your index finger, middle finger, or thumb and index finger to flick the striker disk.
- It does not matter what hand you use, and a player can use their thumb to make shots aimed backward.
- During the game, players can strike the token backward to make a rebound shot or bounce off the edge of the board to move a piece.
The following situations are considered fouls throughout gameplay:
- The striker token goes into a corner pocket.
- If the queen is pocketed in the first strike.
- If the striker is pocketed along with their piece.
- If the striker or any other piece falls off the game board.
- Suppose a player pockets the queen along with an opponent’s piece. In this case, return both pieces to the center circle.
- The player is penalized if the final piece is pocketed before the queen.
- If you pocket your opponent’s final piece, then it must return to the board in addition to a penalty piece.
- If the striker only touches an opponent’s Carrom men on a move.
If a foul occurs, the round ends immediately, and a pocketed piece is placed back on the board inside the large circle.
If a penalty occurs before any pieces are pocketed, the penalty will be owed at a later time when pieces become available before the end of the round. If penalties are forgotten by the start of the next round, the penalty is lost.
Losing a Turn
The following actions are cause a player to lose their turn:
- Pushing the striker to hit the Carrom men.
- A player’s arm passes the diagonal foul line on the board.
- Touching any game piece other than the striker.
- If a player cannot break correctly after three tries.
How to Keep Score in Carrom
At the end of the game, the winner claims one point for each opponent’s pieces left on the board. The player who could cover the queen correctly earns an additional five points.
Opponents continue playing until someone reaches 29 points, or 8 rounds, whichever occurs first.
Three-Player Game Variation
Since the Carrom board game is over one hundred years old and played internationally, you will find some variations based on the location and formality of the gameplay.
For example, you can play a three-player game of singles, no teams. In this game, players are not assigned a specific color of Carrom men. Everyone just earns points as follows:
- If any player pockets a black token, they earn one point.
- Pocketing white tokens count as two points.
- Whoever pockets the queen claims five extra points.
The first player to reach 29 points is the winner.
There are also many people who play competitive Carrom in tournaments around the world.
Carrom Game Federations
Carrom is played tournament-style in many parts of the world. You can find Carrom Laws specified by gaming federations in India, America, and Australia.
According to the Indian Carrom Federation, specific requirements are mandated for competitive play:
- The board and playing surface must meet specific size requirements.
- Board markings, such as directional arrows, must be accurately represented in the proper size, color, and position on the board.
- The center circles must be measured and colored appropriately red or black.
- The Carrom men used in play must be suitable and in good condition.
- The striker must be smooth and round and cannot exceed a diameter of 4.13cm.
- The striker can only be made of ivory and metal. Some engravings are permitted.
- The playing table and surface cannot be shaky or unbalanced.
- The height of the chair or stool used during gameplay must be between 40-50cm.
- The powder used must be dry and spread evenly when applied.
- The Carrom board pockets must include nets that can hold at least 10 Carrom men.
- The lighting must be transparent white with a 60-100 watts bulb.
The players also must use an official scorecard that lists the points earned for each round. They list each player’s name, the date of the event, as well as who won the coin toss enabling them to strike first.
The scorecard requires the signatures of the players and umpire at the end of the game. This can be an easy way to record scores and ensure that players are unable to dispute the outcomes at a later time.
These regulations may vary from country to country, however, the International Carrom Federation maintains international rules and policies for gameplay in tournaments and events across the globe.
How to Play Carrom – Video Tutorial
Frequently Asked Questions
What is Carrom called in English?
In English, the word Carrom simply means strike and rebound. The Carrom game originated in the United States and is a cross between a board game billiards and shuffleboard. You can find the game internationally as Karam, Carrum, or Carum.
Is Carrom popular in the USA?
Interestingly enough, this American-made game is popular worldwide, especially in the Far East and Asia. Tournament play and The Carrom Company’s “Unplug the Kids” campaign in 2014 helped to promote the Carrom game in the United States.
Is Carrom like pool?
Yes, also known as Finger Billiards, Carrom is similar to a miniature table-top game of pool. You can use cue sticks or your fingers to play this “strike and pocket” style game. Players attempt to pocket one of their Carrom men and then pocket the queen token to earn points.
Is Carrom a sport?
Carrom is not considered an athletic sport but rather a board game. It is played competitively all around the world. Carrom is a popular game in India and has its own international federation rules that apply to worldwide championships and tournaments played by professionals.
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